Birth/Baptismal Record for Jan LIPA Monday, Oct 30 2006 

Baptismal record of Jan Lipa

  • Jan LIPA was born on October 23, 1891 in Detroit, Michigan.
  • His father was Stanislaw LIPA of 255 Alexandrine, Detroit, son of Joannis (Jan).
  • His mother was Carolina NOWAK also of Detroit, daughter of Jozef.
  • He was baptized on October 26, 1891 at Sweetest Heart of Mary Church in Detroit.
  • The name of the presiding clergy is not given.
  • The godfather was Jozef OCHAB.
  • The godmother was Victoria MATYASIK.

Birth/Baptismal Record for Marianna LIPA Monday, Oct 30 2006 

Birth record of Marianna Lipa

  • Marianna LIPA was born on April 17, 1889 in Detroit, Michigan.
  • Her father was Stanislaw LIPA of 255 Alexandrine, Detroit, son of Jan.
  • Her mother was Karolina NOWAK, daughter of Jozef.
  • The baptism occurred on April 19, 1889 at Sweetest Heart of Mary Church in Detroit.
  • The godfather was Wojciech SZCZEPANSKI.
  • The godmother was Ludwika LIPA.

What’s interesting to note here is that less than a year ago (May 1888) Stanislaw married Anna NOWAKOWSKA. But this birth record indicates the mother of his daughter is Karolina NOWAK. The difference in surnames is easily enough explained. “NOWAKOWSKA” is the feminine form of “NOWAK” and in Polish it would be written that way in records. The more puzzling thing is the difference in first names. When Marianna’s brother is born (in 1891) that record will show the mother as Karolina NOWAK as well suggesting that either the record keeper at St. Albertus was in error on the marriage record or the lady in question was given one name but was commonly called by another. I’ve found this sort of thing to be quite common in Poland but it makes for much confusion for genealogists.

Another interesting thing to note is the name of the godfather, Wojciech SZCZEPANSKI. One of the witnesses to the marriage of Stanislaw and Anna/Karolina was Adalbert SZCZEPANIK. One often finds the given names Wojciech/Adalbert interchangeable in Polish/American records suggesting that this could have been one and the same individual. Again, one wonders if the record keeper was in error at St. Albertus Church when they recorded the surname of the witness, (or at Sweetest Heart of Mary). I assume the godfather was also the witness at the marriage of Stanislaw and Anna/Karolina.

Ludwika LIPA being Marianna’s godmother is for me further evidence that Stanislaw LIPA was in some way related to Simon LIPA (husband of Ludwika LIPA).

Marriage Record for Stanislaw LIPA and Anna NOWAKOWSKA Monday, Oct 30 2006 

Marriage record for Stanislaw Lipa

  • Groom: Stanislaw LIPA age 24 of Detroit, son of Jan LIPA.
  • Bride: Anna NOWAKOWSKA age 18 of Detroit, daughter of Jozef and Anna.
  • The marriage took place on May 14, 1888 at St. Albertus Catholic Church in Detroit.
  • They were married by Rev. Bronikowski.
  • The witnesses were Adalbertus SZCZEPANIK and Simon LIPA

I assume that Simon LIPA must be related to Stanislaw LIPA somehow but I have not determined the relationship at this time.

Birth/Baptismal Record of Zofia LIPA Monday, Oct 30 2006 

Zofia Lipa Baptism

  • Zofia LIPA was born on January 7, 1888 in Detroit, Michigan.
  • She was baptized at St. Albertus Catholic Church on January 15, 1888 by Rev. Bronikowski.
  • Her father was Simon LIPA.
  • Her mother was Ludwika KNOT.
  • Her godfather was Stanislaus LIPA (believed to be related to Szymon, possibly a brother).
  • Her godmother was Katarzyna ZUREK.

1898 Polish Detroit Notes Wednesday, Oct 25 2006 

[Disclaimer statement] The information in this post was taken from Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton. In some cases the text was copied from the book, but most of it was paraphrased by me. You should not assume any information you find here is true. These are my working notes for a novel (a work of fiction) that I am writing and nothing more. If you want good, solid, well researched information on the subjects mentioned here you should get a copy of Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton (ISBN 0814316719 Wayne State Univ Pr (1981)). [End of statement]

1898

January 1898 Potrzuski and followers consulted with Bishop. They wanted Fr. K to disclose his personal receipts and expenditures. Specifically they wanted to secure the financial books for the school, which Fr. K had always handled himself.

January 3, 1898    3,000 gather at a parish meeting at the schoolhouse where Potrzuski’s slate was elected to the parish. They passed resolutions at the meeting to the effect that management of the parish’s financial affairs was taken totally out of the hands of Fr. K. (p.151) The proceeds from the parochial school along with all fees for baptisms, marriages, burials and other ceremonies were turned over to the new treasurer (not Potrzuski) to be used for decreasing the parish indebtedness. Fr. K would only receive a small fixed percentage of these fees. He also lost his authority to hire the organist and other church officials and was to confine his duties to tending to the spiritual needs of his flock. Fr. K seemed to take this all in stride all appearances were that both sides were willing to patch up differences and make harmony.

Fr. K had lost much of his fiery nature due to poor and declining health. For a several years he had suffered from a heart aliment that sent him into choking spasms. The stress of the preceeding 12 years was taking its toll.

End of March 1898 Fr. K hosted a banquet for Fr. Dabrowski and the faculty from the seminary (at Detroit’s Richter’s Hotel) on the occasion that he received a recent graduate of the seminary as his assistant, Fr. Jozef Folta.

April 4, 1898 (Monday) Fr. K’s physician was summoned to his residence to treat breathing difficulties.

April 5, 1898 (Tuesday) His condition seemed improved but the doctor ordered him to rest.

April 8, 1898 (Good Friday) Fr. K suffered a stroke that paralyzed the left side of his body.

April 9, 1898 Bishop Foley spends time with Fr. K praying for him.

April 10, 1898 (Easter Sunday) The doctor trying to treat Fr. K is interrupted by parishioners who don’t trust him and want to treat him theirselves. Bishop Foley appears again and tells the parishioners to let the doctor treat him. Fr. K awakens briefly and kisses the Bishop’s ring to make peace.

April 11, 1898 (Easter Monday) Rev. Dominc Kolasinski died at 7:30am (p.153). Word spread around the parish and mourners gathered at the church. B. Foley came to lead them in prayer.

April 12, 1898 (Tuesday) Fr. K lay in state in SHM church while 15,000 mourners paid their respects. The procession with his body from the school building (and his residence) to the church was led by 6 priests headed by his old nemesis Fr. Dabrowski and he was carried by the Kosciusko Guard.

April 13, 1898 (Wednesday) Fr. K’s funeral. One hour before Mass the church was packed. The Journal estimated 35,000 people inside and outside the church (many non Poles but curious). Hysterical sobbing broke out as Fr. Romauld Byzewski, pastor of St. Francis, gave his eulogy. B. Foley said a few words to the parishioners urging them to pray for Fr. K. After Mass, 20,000 people followed the carriages to Greenwood cemetery to see him laid to rest. A graveside eulogy was given by his brother.

December 1898 Fr. K was reinterred in a stone mausoleum paid for from special collections taken up by his followers. A summary of his estate and the news reporting is on p. 155.

[The reason for Fr. K’s charisma is given as his deep attachment to traditional Polish religious practices and his intense Polish patriotism. He had an innate ability to reach the innermost yearnings and anxieties of those recent Polish peasant immigrants (particularly from Galicia) who were bewildered and overwhelmed by the alien ways of urban America.]

1897 Polish Detroit Notes Wednesday, Oct 25 2006 

[Disclaimer statement] The information in this post was taken from Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton. In some cases the text was copied from the book, but most of it was paraphrased by me. You should not assume any information you find here is true. These are my working notes for a novel (a work of fiction) that I am writing and nothing more. If you want good, solid, well researched information on the subjects mentioned here you should get a copy of Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton (ISBN 0814316719 Wayne State Univ Pr (1981)). [End of statement]

1897

February 1, 1897 SHM church was put up for sale. A Canadian agent proposed a refinance plan and the church was given a 30 day injunction. But he couldn’t come through with the arrangement.

March 4, 1897 The church was sold at auction to the attorneys for the American Savings Bank for $40,000. News of the sale stunned the Kolachy.

April 20, 1897 After a couple of stays from the court a refinancing plan was worked out and the church was re-mortgaged.

Some of the more well to do in the congregation were getting fed up with Fr. K’s financial mis-handling of the parish funds. There were again allegations that Fr. K was pocketing enormous funds for personal expenses. Although Fr. K countered that the parish treasurer (Franciszek Potrzuski, the wealthiest of SHM parishioners) was actually doing it. (p.150)

1896 Polish Detroit Notes Wednesday, Oct 25 2006 

[Disclaimer statement] The information in this post was taken from Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton. In some cases the text was copied from the book, but most of it was paraphrased by me. You should not assume any information you find here is true. These are my working notes for a novel (a work of fiction) that I am writing and nothing more. If you want good, solid, well researched information on the subjects mentioned here you should get a copy of Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton (ISBN 0814316719 Wayne State Univ Pr (1981)). [End of statement]

1896

Mid year 1896 the church owed $56,450 of which $40,000 was to American Savings Bank. The bank was preparing to go out of existence and secured a judgment of foreclosure against the church (well before the mortgage was to expire) and an order for the sale of the property.

1895 Polish Detroit Notes Wednesday, Oct 25 2006 

[Disclaimer statement] The information in this post was taken from Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton. In some cases the text was copied from the book, but most of it was paraphrased by me. You should not assume any information you find here is true. These are my working notes for a novel (a work of fiction) that I am writing and nothing more. If you want good, solid, well researched information on the subjects mentioned here you should get a copy of Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton (ISBN 0814316719 Wayne State Univ Pr (1981)). [End of statement]

 1895

Must have been a relatively calm time as no events were noted.

1894 Polish Detroit Notes Wednesday, Oct 25 2006 

[Disclaimer statement] The information in this post was taken from Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton. In some cases the text was copied from the book, but most of it was paraphrased by me. You should not assume any information you find here is true. These are my working notes for a novel (a work of fiction) that I am writing and nothing more. If you want good, solid, well researched information on the subjects mentioned here you should get a copy of Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton (ISBN 0814316719 Wayne State Univ Pr (1981)). [End of statement]

1894 (Chapter 5)

January 1894 The Detroit News publishes letters of a debate nature from parish priests regarding the reinstatement of Fr. K.

February 3, 1894 Satolli’s personal representative, Msgr. Donato Sbaretti, came to Detroit to negotiate a settlement with Fr. K. The church wanted the 10,000+ members of SHM parish in their flock.

February 4, 1894 Organ recital is given to dedicate the new organ at SHM. There was a large turnout from the city at large.

Februray 6-10, 1894 Sbaretti and Kolasinski negotiated an agreement to reinstate the parish of SHM into the good graces of the Roman Catholic Church. Fr. K would do a one week period of penance but the church would not be closed (even temporarily). Fr. K would have to read his recantation in 3 languages before his congregation.

Fr. K went to St. Michael’s Benedictine monastery in Chicago for a week of penance. Detroit clergy thought he got off too lightly. Bishop Foley reconciled himself to the reinstatement of Fr. K so as not to antagonize the apostolic delegate.

February 17, 1894 The announcement was made about the rededication of the church the next day. Fr. K let his followers think he was in Washington DC finishing up details of the negotiations and he let them… no mention of his doing penance.

February 18, 1894 Over 10,000 show up to attend the rededication of the church. Some of the crowd feint from being pressed against walls, doors, etc. Fr. K didn’t say Mass but he did give a sermon. (p. 141) after which he had to read a statement of submission and retraction of his errors in 3 languges (Polish, German, English) to the congregation. He did this in little more than a whisper after having given his sermon at full volume. Most of those present didn’t hear him. Sbaretti admonished him twice to speak louder but he ignored him. Then he ended by saying a profession of faith in Polish and descending the pulpit. He was instructed to repeat the profession of faith in English but he refused and the Mass continued. Afterwards he appeared at the Episcopal residence before Bishop Foley where he professed his repentance and made a promise of obedience and kissed his ring.

Fr. K had turned what should have been a humiliating affair into a victory of sorts.

April 1894 Newspaper reporters launched an investigation into the cemetery that Fr. K had bought for SHM parish. He bought it just after he organized his flock but it was nothing more than swamp land. It had drainage problems and sometimes coffins would float up. Many were only buried a couple feet deep instead of the 6 feet required by state law. Nearby residents began to complain of a smell (in April 1894) prompting the investigation.

When Fr. K bought the cemetery he failed to tell the township that he was putting a cemetery in and he didn’t incorporate it according to state law. So after the reporter’s investigation the township filed papers to have the bodies exhumed and the cemetery vacated. The Bishop would not allow the 200+ bodies to be buried in a Catholic cemetery because they died “outside” the church.

April 24, 1894 The township was granted an injuction and Fr. K had to improve the cemetery. It was incorporated as a public cemetery named “Greenwood” and became known as Sacred Heart Cemetery.

The church was still heavily in debt.

1893 Polish Detroit Notes Monday, Oct 16 2006 

[Disclaimer statement] The information in this post was taken from Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton. In some cases the text was copied from the book, but most of it was paraphrased by me. You should not assume any information you find here is true. These are my working notes for a novel (a work of fiction) that I am writing and nothing more. If you want good, solid, well researched information on the subjects mentioned here you should get a copy of Polish Detroit and the Kolasinski Affair by Lawrence D. Orton (ISBN 0814316719 Wayne State Univ Pr (1981)). [End of statement]

1893

January 23, 1893 The News reported that Fr. K was summoned by the church to Washington DC to meet with a supposed confident of the Pope for the purposes of reinstating the priest and his flock. It turned out to be a false report and was retracted by the paper a few days later. P.121.

July 10, 1893 Michael Lipa was born and baptized at SHM.

In the fall of 1893 Fr. K corresponds by mail with Satolli, the Pope’s confident. He restates his case, admits to some irregularities with regards to the handling of the congregation’s affairs. The Roman church is concerned because the massive church is almost completed and now has almost 5,000 families. They want an end to schismatic parishes. Satolli tells Fr. K to make every effort to remove any scandal attached to his name and forwards the paperwork to bishop Foley asking him to consider what resolution might be acceptable. Foley still insisted the only option was for Fr. K to leave and never come back. Other priests in the Detroit Archdiocese started a petition backing Foley’s postion. P.124

The church was finished in December 1893 and Fr. K announced that the dedication would be on December 24, 1893 and the ceremony would be led by Satolli or his representative.

December 22, 1893 Bishop Foley issues a denial statement to the effect that neither Satolli nor his rep will preside and anyone who appears to be such is a phony.

December 23, 1893 Fr. K appears to send and receive telegrams from Satolli.

December 24, 1893 An unseasonably warm day dawns and the new church is dedicated by one Joseph Rene Vilatte a former priest from Wisconsin who was ordained a bishop in India/Ceylon by some priests there. 5,000 parishioners attended the opening ceremony as did a large contingent of police. All drinking establishments in the Polish quarter were ordered closed in an attempt to prevent the kind of violence that happened 8 years earlier on Christmas. The bishop did the blessing with the water thing, then Fr. K said high mass. The sermon was delivered by Fr. K’s new assistant Fr. Ignacy Barszcz. A Christmas Eve mass was celebrated at midnight. The parishioners were thrilled.

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